Summer is at its peak and that means it’s a high time to keep ourselves protected from the heat as well as humidity. We all know about the application of sunscreen while going outdoors, however, many people are not familiar with the necessities of protecting themselves from sunstroke or heat stroke. Underneath is a brief information of heat stroke and heat exhaustion are given that we should remember whenever we are at home or at work.
What is Heat Stroke?
Heat stroke happens in case a person is exposed to high temperatures for a long period. This health issue develops within dehydrated individuals resulting in the failure of temperature regulation system in the body. After developing the heat stroke, a central temperature of the body will reach at least 105 F. It also causes symptoms connected with the central nervous system.
Heat Exhaustion – Overview
The most common signs of heat exhaustion include a headache, severe sweating, and uncontrolled thirst. This particular condition also causes several other signs and symptoms, such as fatigue, rapid heartbeat, nausea and vomiting, muscle cramps increased temperature etc. If the issue of heat stroke moves towards heat exhaustion, then the body temperature of a person might exceed 104 F. Heatstroke causes dry skin, muscle weakness or muscle cramps, rapid heartbeat, sweating, seizures etc. If proper medical attention is not given, then heat stroke can lead to severe problems, such as heart attack. It might become a fatal issue as well.
If you start feeling that you are going through heat exhaustion, then you should do some important things. The first and foremost thing is to return back to indoors (if you are already in outside) and then sit in an air-conditioned room or a room having a fan. In case you are in your professional field and can’t go to inside at that moment, then you should move to a shady place nearby. You need to take lots of cool water or alternatively sports drink (comprising of electrolytes). Cool yourself by taking a relaxed cold shower and in other ways.
Heat stroke is referred to as a medical emergency. If a person is attacked by heat stroke, then he/she must be taken to the hospital on an immediate basis.
Preventive Measures of Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke
Everyone needs to take essential preventive measures for the prevention of heat stroke – it does not matter whether you are enjoying outside or working outdoors. Lightweight clothing is always recommended. You need to drink a lot of water. It is important to stay away from exhausting activity in times of the hottest parts of the day. Always refrain yourself from alcohol as well as sugary drinks to prevent yourself from dehydration and to alleviate the risk associated with the heat stroke.
In case you have developed the signs of heat exhaustion, then you need to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Any person can be attacked by heatstroke, however certain factors enhance the risk of its development in any person, including age, exertion in hot weather, lacking air conditioning, certain health conditions etc.