Metabolism is one type of biochemical process due to which an organism lives, develops, reproduces, improves, and adapts to the particular environment. Two popular metabolic processes are anabolism and catabolism.
What are Anabolism and Catabolism?
- Anabolism: It is a process that constructs molecules as per the requirements of the body. This particular process generally has the requirement of energy for its completion.
- Catabolism: It is another process, which is responsible for the breaking down of complex molecules into smaller molecules. This procedure generally liberates energy for the utilization by the organism.
A large number of the metabolic processes that are involved in the metabolic processes are controlled by chemical compounds, known as hormones. As a whole, hormones can be categorized as an anabolic or catabolic depending on their influence in the organism.
The body weight of a person is the final result of the subtraction of anabolism from catabolism. In simple words, the amount of released energy into the body minus the amount of used energy by the body.
Excessive energy, added to our body, is stored in form of fat or in form of glycogen (that is stored in the liver as well as in the muscles). If you want to lose weight, then the basic procedure is to enhance the utilization of energy and reduction the intake of energy, ideally under the proper medical supervision.
Hormones used by Anabolism and Catabolism
- Anabolism is involved with estrogen, insulin, testosterone, and growth hormone, whereas,
- Catabolism is involved with adrenaline, glucagon, cytokines, and cortisol.
Difference in Exercises
- Anabolic exercises are frequently anaerobic in nature and it usually constructs muscle mass.
- Catabolic exercises are generally aerobic that helps in the burning procedure of calories and fat.
When Anabolism and Catabolism occur?
- Anabolism happens when amino acids become polypeptides, fatty acids become triglycerides, and glucose becomes glycogen.
- Catabolism happens when proteins become amino acids, glycogen becomes glucose, proteins become glucose, or triglycerides become fatty acids.
Difference between the Techniques of Anabolism and Catabolism
The anabolic process makes use of simple molecules in the organism to produce more complex as well as specialized compounds. It is a type of synthesis in which the production of a product from a collection of components occur and for that reason, it is known as “biosynthesis.”
This particular process makes use of energy to produce the final products that the organism can make use of to preserve itself as well as develop, improve, reproduce or modify to its environment’s changes. Height and muscle growth are two basic examples of anabolic processes.
Catabolic processes responsible for breaking down of complex compounds as well as molecules to liberate energy. Digestion is the main catabolic process in which the nutrient substances get ingested and then broken down into basic components for the utilization of the body.
Within cells, the catabolic processes get broken down into polysaccharides like glycogen, cellulose, and starch into monosaccharides, such as glucose, fructose, and ribose for energy. Proteins get broken down into amino acids for the utilization in the process of anabolic synthesis of developed compounds or for the purpose of recycling.
Most of the individuals indicate metabolism as the cause of underweight or overweight, however, the metabolic processes differ a bit from person to person.